The Old Town of Edinburgh represents the historic core of the Scottish capital, built eastwards of the Castle Crag, along the Royal Mile to Holyrood. This article also covers the areas to the immediate south and west of the Old Town - Southside and Tollcross.
The New Town (so-called) of Edinburgh represents the historical extension of the Scottish capital to the north of the Old Town that occurred during the Georgian Period of the late 18th century. Built on a regular grid pattern, the New Town is Edinburgh's main shopping and commercial district, north of Princes Street Gardens.
Edinburgh (Gaelic: Dùn Èideann) is the capital of Scotland located in the Central Belt region of the country. With a population of approximately 450,000 (1 million in the city region), "Auld Reekie" (Edinburgh) manages to combine both ancient and modern in a uniquely Scottish atmosphere.
thumb|300px|Human Saltire at the Scotland v England 6 Nations 2008 match, Murrayfield Stadium
Burntisland is a coastal town with a population of 6000 in the kingdom of Fife, Scotland.
Tranent is a town in East Lothian, Scotland, Located within the Edinburgh Metropolitan Area. It is about 11 miles (18 km) east of Edinburgh.
Kirkcaldy is a town in Fife, Scotland. Known as "The Lang Toun", Kirkcaldy is the UK's premier centre for linoleum manufacturing and is home to Raith Rovers Football Club.
Dunfermline is a historic town in the Kingdom of Fife, Scotland. It is the ancient capital of Scotland, and the birthplace of philanthropist Andrew Carnegie - at one time the richest man in the world.
Haddington is in The Lothians. The town has a population of around 9000 and is the administrative centre of East Lothian council area.
Linlithgow is a small town in the Central Belt of Scotland, Scotland
Bo'ness is a small town in Stirlingshire. The full name of the town is Borrowstounness but the abbreviated form is almost always used.
Culross is in Fife. Culross is a charming village some 10 miles west of Dunfermline, in Fife.
Melrose is a small town in the Borders region of southern Scotland.
Polmont is a village in Stirlingshire in the Central Belt of Scotland. This travel guide also covers the nearby town of Grangemouth.
Perth is a city in Perthshire, Scotland, which lies on the banks of River Tay to the north eastern fringe of Central Scotland.
The Scottish Borders is a region in southeastern Scotland adjoining the border with England, a fact which has heavily influenced the history of this region. In the days before the British union, this area was frequently fought over, and had a reputation for banditry and lawlessness.
Dundee is in North East Scotland and is Scotland's 4th city. The city is just over 800 years old.
Lanark is a historic town in Scotland. It is best known for the nearby UNESCO world heritage site of New Lanark, and as being the home town of the Scottish patriot William Wallace.
New Lanark is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and an anchor point on the European Route of Industrial Heritage in Clydesdale, south of Glasgow in South West Scotland.
Jedburgh (pronounced "Jed-bruh") is a town in the Borders region of southern Scotland, population 4,100. Jedburgh is best known for the remains of Jedburgh Abbey and its historical associations as a border town, located a mere 10 miles from the border with England.
Kelso is a small market town in the Borders region of southern Scotland. Population c.
Birnam is in Highland Perthshire. It is a nineteenth century village on the bank of the River Tay.
Dunkeld is a village in Highland Perthshire, Scotland, on the north bank of the River Tay. The village of Birnam is on the opposite bank, connected by a historic bridge.
Cumbernauld is very much near the centre of Scotland, one of the four countries that make up the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
Crieff is a small town on the verge of the Scottish highlands. There's not much going on here, but there's one reason why you might want to plan a stop over here: The Famous Grouse Experience.
Coatbridge and neighbouring Airdrie are towns in the Clydeside region of the Central Belt, Scotland. A working class and industrial town, Coatbridge earned the name Iron Burgh in its heyday, while Airdrie was known for weaving and textiles.
Dunblane (Gaelic: Dùn Bhlàthain) is a Cathedral city in Stirlingshire, Scotland.
Gretna is located in Dumfries and Galloway in South West (Scotland). It is known as a border town, the border with England being just to the south.
Annan is a town in Dumfries and Galloway. It is a short distance inland from the Solway Firth situated between Dumfries (16-miles) and Gretna (8.
Dumfries is the principal town in Dumfries and Galloway. A more traditional administrative status is principal town of Dumfriesshire, but this changed in 1974.
Arbroath is in Angus, north east of Dundee and south of Montrose. This old harbor town is perhaps best known its red sandstone abbey, and its local specialty: Arbroath Smokies.
Kirkintilloch is a town in Scotland. It lies on the Forth and Clyde Canal, about eight miles northeast of central Glasgow.
Pitlochry is a town in Perth and Kinross with around 2,800 inhabitants. It is situated along River Tummel.
Carlisle is an English cathedral and historical fortress city located in the modern county of Cumbria, at the northern end of the Lake District and 10 miles from the Scottish border. It's an ideal base for exploring the English Lake District, the world famous Hadrian's Wall and the Northumberland National Park.
Aberfeldy is a burgh in Perth and Kinross, Scotland. It sits on the banks of the River Tay.
The XX Commonwealth Games were held in Glasgow, Scotland from 23 July to 3 August 2014. Most sports were competed within the City of Glasgow.
Glasgow (Gaelic: Glaschu, Scots: Glesga) is the biggest city in Scotland, with a population of about 600,000 in the city itself and over 2 million if the surrounding towns of the Clydeside conurbation are taken into account. Located at the west end of Scotland's Central Belt on the banks of the River Clyde, Glasgow's historical importance as Scotland's main industrial centre has been challenged by decades of change and various regeneration efforts.
Callander is a town in Stirlingshire, Scotland. It is one of the main centres for visiting the Loch Lomond and The Trossachs National Park, and is often referred to as The Gateway to the Highlands.
Ford and Etal are two neighbouring villages in Northumberland. Most of its attractions are connected to the Ford and Etal estates and the towns receive thousands of visitors every year, admiring the castle ruins, riding the heritage steam train or enjoying the beautiful rural surroundings.
Milngavie is a small town in Scotland, situated about 6 miles north west of Glasgow.
Haltwhistle is a small, but pleasant, town near Hadrian's Wall in Northumberland, England.
Bearsden is a small town in Scotland, situated about 6 miles north west of Glasgow. It is largely suburban, and with the exception of the Roman Wall sites and one or two isolated buildings, was entirely built after 1850, with impressive sandstone houses in the town centre.
Berwick-upon-Tweed is a historic walled town in Northumberland. It is the most northerly town in England,just 2 1/2 miles from the border with Scotland.
Castle Douglas is a town in South West (Scotland), designated Scotland's Food Town.
The Eden Valley runs northward through the county of Cumbria from its source high on the fells at Mallerstang and enters the sea 91 miles later at Carlisle.
Cockermouth is an English market town located in the modern county of Cumbria, at the north western end of the Lake District. This location tends to enhance the life and character of the town without the negative impact of receiving too many tourists (as some believe has occurred in the case of Cockermouth's neighbour Keswick).
Hadrian's Wall was built by the Roman Empire to protect their colony in England from the Pictish tribes in Scotland. It stretches for 87 miles across the north of England from the Irish Sea to the North Sea in the counties of Cumbria, Northumberland and Tyne and Wear.
Loch Lomond and The Trossachs National Park straddles the two regions of the Scottish Highlands and the Central Belt of Scotland.
Penrith is a small market town in Cumbria, to the north-east of the Lake District.
Drymen is a village in Scotland, located in the Loch Lomond and The Trossachs National Park, about four miles from Loch Lomond.
Kilmarnock is in South West Scotland and is the home of "Johnnie Walker", the world famous brand of whisky. It is also associated with the poetry of Scotland's national bard, Robert Burns as his first collection of poems -the famous "First Edition"- was printed in the town.
The Holy Island of Lindisfarne, known colloquially as either Lindisfarne or Holy Island, is just off the coast of Northumberland, England. It is a tidal island linked to the mainland by a causeway.
Kirkcudbright is a small coastal town in South West Scotland. It is situated in the Dumfries and Galloway area
thumb|350px|The twisting route to the summit of Helvellyn on the left, England's third highest peak.
Balmaha is a village in Scotland, located in the Loch Lomond and The Trossachs National Park.
Whitehaven is a town on the coast of Cumbria, in the North West region of England.
Cairngorms National Park is a mountainous national park in Scotland's Highlands region.
thumb|300px|Dumbarton Castle from the South side of the River Clyde
Hexham is a historic market town in Tynedale, Northumberland, UK. Situated in a beautiful wide valley between the upland North Pennines and the rolling hills of the Northumberland National Park, Hexham is a bustling rural centre serving the local rural economy and visitors to the area.
Cumbria is a county in the North West of England. Its most famous tourist attraction is the Lake District National Park.
Balloch is a town in Scotland. Balloch is on the southern shore of Loch Lomond
Grasmere is a lakeside village in the Lake District National Park, best known as the home to poet William Wordsworth
Ambleside is a town in Cumbria. It is located at the head of Windermere, England’s largest lake, within the Lake District National Park.
Appleby in Westmorland is a small town in Cumbria, North West England.