The village, located on the site of the ancient city of Aigai, the first capital of Macedon, became internationally famous in 1977, when the Greek archaeologist Manolis Andronikos unearthed the burial site of the kings of Macedon, including the tomb of Philip II, father of Alexander the Great. Nineteen years later, the UNESCO Committee decided to inscribe the site of Aigai in the list of the World Heritage Sites considering the universal value represented by the discovery of the royal tombs and the importance of their frescoes that testimony the transitional phase of the ancient art from the classic to the Hellenistic period.
According to the tradition, the city was founded in the mid-7th century BC, by Perdiccas I, a Dorian from Argos, of the family of Hercules. As other ancient Greek cities, the society in Aigai was founded on an aristocratic structure having the royal authority as its point of reference. Aigai, in ancient Greek means “goats”, and the city is described by Herodotus as "the land with many goats".
Aigai was replaced as capital by Pella, probably during the reign of Archelaus I (413 - 399 BC) and finally destroyed by Roman Legions in the aftermath of the Third Macedonian War (171–168 BC), fought between Rome and King Perseus of Macedon. The Roman province of Macedonia was established in 146 BC, and had Thessalonica as its capital.