One of the oldest Czech towns located in fertile area on Elbe river. Royal-town status was granted in early 13th century. It was one of the main cities in Kingdom of Bohemia in the Middle Ages. It is still seat of Litoměřice Catholic Diocese and one of the seven Czech cathedrals is there. Litoměřice is surrounded by the Central Bohemian Uplands; Terezin concentration camp is just a few kilometers from the town.