Brunswick (German: Braunschweig) is a city of around 250,500 people, located in the federal-state of Lower Saxony, Germany. It is located north of the Harz mountains at the farthest navigable point of the Oker river, which connects to the North Sea via the rivers Aller and Weser.
The opens its gates during the week before the first Sunday of Advent (usually late November), and closes the week after Christmas (end of December). It is one of the most picturesque in Germany and is voted the most beautiful in Northern Germany on a regular basis. Typical beverages served include ''Glühwein'' (a mulled wine), ''Feuerzangenbowle'' (literally translates as fire-tongs punch - a traditional German alcoholic drink for which a rum-soaked sugar loaf is set on fire and drips into mulled wine), ''Met'' (German mead), and ''Mummebier''. Various specialties such as ''Braunkohl'', ''Meterbratwurst'' (One-meter-long ''bratwurst''), ''Heideschinken'' (baked ham in a rye bun), shashlik, baked camembert, etc. are also offered by numerous vendors on and around the castle square, along with sweets such as sugar-coated almonds and apples, ''Schmalzgreben'' (yeast dough squares seethed in oil) and Brunswick specialty ''Prillecken''. Market booths open around 10AM and close at 9PM. Do not miss it, should you happen to be in the area in December.
Rebuilt in 2007 after having been bombed out in WWII and torn down in the years to follow. Now merely the façade of the former castle with a shopping mall on the inside. The quadriga ''Brunonia'' (the allegorical deity of the old duchy, the free state, and the city of Brunsick) is by far Germany's largest (making it de facto the largest in the world). It is possible to climb to the top of the ''Schloss'' and see the statue from up close) The building also hosts the Braunschweig public library. Two equestrian statues are placed in front of the castle, one featuring Duke Karl II. Wilhelm Ferdinand of Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel, founder of the Braunschweig Technical University, under whose reign Braunschweig for a brief period of time turned into the German center of Enlightenment, and Duke Friedrich Wilhelm von Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel, one of the most renowned German military leaders during the Napoleonic Wars.
It is Braunschweig's red light district. Referred to as ''Gurke'' (gherkin or cucumber) by locals, this area is off-limits to minors and "non-working "women (women are likely to be subject to harassment and verbal abuse through prostitutes when walking down this street), and shielded from public views by two iron gates. It has an interesting historic side to it though, since it is one of the oldest red lights districts in Germany, maybe in the world (prostitution in this part of town was documented as early as 1594), featuring some Medieval-style timber-framed houses, which can be seen from outside the gates.
Another of the many 'chain' hotels on offer. It offers 130 rooms with air conditioning, Internet, a sauna and fitness centre as well as a solarium. There are meeting and banqueting facilities, and for those ventureing out into the Harz Mountains for the day, the hotel offers a packed lunch service. Tils Sports Bar is a good meeting place in the evening before venturing out on the town. The hotel is very close to the main railway station, but black out curtains and the air conditioning help for a sleepful night.
It is the best-known landmark in the city of Brunswick. It stands on the ''Burgplatz'' square in front of Dankwarderode Castle and Brunswick Cathedral. Within Brunswick it is thus commonly known as the "castle lion" (''Burglöwe''), giving the city its moniker Lion City (''Die Löwenstadt''). Originally erected by Henry the Lion in 1166, it was replaced by a replica in 1980 due to damages to the original caused by air pollution. The original can be found inside Dankwarderode Castle.
Small family run hotel with 23 quiet and cosy rooms. Car parking is free, pets are welcomed on request, and children under 4 are free, but the rooms are not big enough for extra cots. There is a good house restaurant and in summer the garden is used as a beer garden. WiFi is offered free of charge. Although a bit of a hack from the city centre, this hotel offers a quiet respite from a busy day on the tourist or shopping trail of Brunswick.
A modern 4 star hotel hotel with 139 air conditioned rooms. Rooms are individually designed and there is a complimentary bottle of water but as with so many hotels in central locations car parking (€11 per day) and WiFi (€5.50 per day) are all extra, as are pets which cost €20 per day. There is a good restaurant and breakfast room service may be ordered. There is a sauna and a small fitness centre in the hotel.
In a quiet suburb to the south of the city centre. 129 rooms and a small restaurant / breakfast room. Pets are welcomed on request, and there are accompanying charges. Children under 3 are free, and other persons will be charged €30 per night - maximum one per room. The hotel is a former hospital, and this is evident in the structure of the adjoining corridors. This is a no frills hotel.
45 rooms, a 24 hour service with bar, a shuttle bus to the main railway station and airport, free WiFi and car parking. The hotel has a wide range of prices for its customers, with some saying that this is the best hotel in Brunswick, but still only at a 4 star rating. The Hotel is situated right on the edge of the pedestrian area.
This B&B hotel offers 78 rooms in a quiet suburb. Whilst the rooms are not that big, and there is no capacity for extra beds or cots for babies, there is free WiFi connection in the public rooms and free parking. There is no restaurant, but a substantial breakfast is included in the price.
The takes place in November. Arthouse and independent films are shown in cinemas all over town. Prizes, such as the ''Heinrich'' and the ''Europa'' are awarded to independent movies, actors, and directors.[[File:Braunschweig Weihnachtsmarkt.jpg|thumb|325px|Brunswick Christmas Market]]
Near the city centre, 84 spacious rooms. The building is over 100 years old, but has been tastefully modernised and offers its own Italian style restaurant, Al Duomo, and has a wine bar and terrace that looks out on to the Cathedral Square. Car parking is free.
The is a professional tennis tournament played on outdoor red clay courts. It is currently part of the Association of Tennis Professionals (ATP) Challenger Tour. It is held annually at the ''Braunschweiger Tennis und Hockey Club'' in Brunswick.
Enjoy a tour with "Hugo the Nightwatchman" through medieval Brunswick. Other tours offered are "Carl-Friedrich Gauss" (sights related Germany's famous mathematician) and "Count Hugo" (Renaissance Brunswick). Phone ahead for tours in English.
Is a somewhat boheme restaurant/ bar, in keeping with its neighborhood ''Östliches Ringgebiet'' with a very mixed local crowd. Nice and laid-back atmosphere and a kitchen that stays open till past midnight make this venue a (hidden) gem.
The is an annual classical music festival held in and in the area around Brunswick. The main concert season is from May to June and consists of more than 60 concerts and events and since 2004 concerts are presented throughout the year.
Very typical Braunschweig cuisine. English menus are available. NB: Smoking is permitted in this restaurant. In order to avoid the smoke, ask for a seat in their beer garden (all the way through the restaurant, and then to the left).
Serves Germany's largest ''Schnitzel''. Eat two of those monsters (1.5 kg /3 lbs each) and you plus 20 of your friends eat and drink on the house. Located a little outside the city center in ''Timmerlah''.
It is a historical builidng in which German author Wilhelm Raabe lived from 1901 until his death in 1910. The house now functions as a museum, center for literature and research, and venue for literary events.
Arguably some of the best Italian ice creams north of the Alps. They serve their home-made ice cream at three parlors in Braunschweig. Their branch at ''Schlossarkaden'' also serves Italian food and wine.
Is an upscale Anatolian restaurant, located in the building complex 'Artmax', close to the 'Volkswagen Arena'. Among its regulars has been the Turkish ambassador to Germany. Reservations recommended.
Is a chic somewhat artsy place with a very nice atmosphere, an even nicer staff, and an even more excellent ''Flammkuchen''. The selection of cakes is also worth a shot. Live music on occasion.
Acclaimed, offers a pretty international yet selected menu (bison burger next to Vietnamese duck curry and Southern rumpsteak in peanut sauce). They also serve their own beer ''Naske Dunkel''.
serves Bavarian cuisine. Located in an old timber frame house with nice dark wood interior, portions here are generous. May be crowded on occasion, staff is very helpful and friendly.
This pizza parlor consists of only one room (hence the name), in which the owner and chef toils away while making pizzas to order or to go. Recommended: Pizza Montaverde.
Serves typical German ''schnitzel'' in many variations and sizes. The place has an all-you-can-eat for €9,90 offer on each month's last Friday.
Quirky mix between bar, cafe, restaurant, and cabaret theater, this place often hosts live bands, readings, and improvs/ comedy theater.
Serves German cuisine in the city's old cloth hall. The restaurant itself is located in Northern Germany's oldest vaulted cellar.
Do not miss when in Brunswick. Restaurant with German cuisine, famous for their home-brewed beer. A Braunschweig classic.
Features one of the best beer gardens in the city. Enjoy your beers or meals under their chestnut trees (open in summer).
Asian eatery, very popular with the nightlife crowd. Usually packed on the weekends, they serve their meals to go.
Alternative music like Reggae, Drum'n Bass, Electropunk, Funk and so on. Different music on different days.
An artificial Beach were you can chill to downtempo or jazz music. Sometimes there are live music events.
Office building designed by New Yorker pop-artist James Rizzi, located next to the ''Schlossarkaden''.
features an excellent restaurant, which has recently been remodeled into a top-notch steak house.
This venue attracts an alternative clientele for Punk/ Ska/ Indie /Alternative acts.
Second-oldest museum in the world (after the British Museum in London) (in German)]
Brunswick was a city of importance in medieval Germany. Economically, it was situated at the intersections of major trade routes; moreover, the river Oker was navigable from Brunswick, allowing access to the sea port of Bremen. It was among the last nine cities of the Hanseatic League.
Politically, Brunswick gained importance through one of its most important rulers, Henry the Lion, duke of Saxony and Bavaria. During his reign, Henry founded several German cities (among them Schwerin and Munich), defying his cousin German Holy Roman Emperor Frederick I Barbarossa, and married Richard the Lionheart's sister Matilda of England, thus establishing familial ties to the royal family of England, which still exist to this day. His son, Otto of Brunswick, was crowned German emperor in 1209. To document his claim to power, Henry had the Lion monument erected in 1166, which also appears in the city's coat of arms. You can still find the red lion on the coat of arms of Scotland and the British Royal Family today.
Brunswick is considered having been one of the most tumultuous cities of Late Medieval and Early Modern Europe (next to Paris and Ghent). Numerous constitutional conflicts ended in uprisings and civil unrest.
Despite its rich medieval tradition, Brunswick's appearance today owes much to its almost complete destruction during World War II. Allied bombing destroyed 90% of Brunswick's medieval city center (leaving only 80 of formerly over 800 timberframe houses). Only a small number of buildings have been re-erected; the majority of downtown buildings nowadays exhibit the somberness of 1950's post-war architecture.
The region of Braunschweig is the most R&D-intensive area in the whole European Economic Area investing a remarkable 7.1% of its GDP in the research & technology sector (places two and three go to Varsinais-Suomi and East Anglia with 4.1% each). It is home to the Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB), the national institute for natural and engineering sciences and the highest technical authority for metrology and physical safety engineering in Germany. Part of its assignments is the accurate measurement of time. It is responsible for the German atomic clock CS2 and the longwave time signal DCF77. In addition, the PTB operates time servers for the distribution of time on the internet.
Brunswick is further known for its universities Technische Universität Carolo-Wilhelmina zu Braunschweig, Hochschule für Bildende Künste Braunschweig, Ostfalia Hochschule für angewandte Wissenschaften, Welfenakademie Braunschweig, and 19 research institutes, among them the Johann Heinrich von Thuenen Institute (until the end of 2007 named Federal Agricultural Research Center), and the Helmholtz Center for Infection Research.
Braunschweig was declared Germany's City of Science 2007.